Equalization – the infinite number of possibilities that may improve that vocal or to damage the other instrument. it’s a difficult task to dominate since there are too many variables, but hopefully the tips below will ease your way of looking equalization with different ears.
If it sounds muddy, cut (decrease the level) at around 250Hz. Although you can get that muddy sound from other lower frequencies (especially anything added below 100Hz), start here first.
If it sounds honky or veiled, cut at around 500Hz. This is where a huge build-up of energy occurs when you’ve recorded instruments or vocals very close and have that proximity effect in it. Just cutting a bit in this area can sometimes provide instant clarity.
Cut if you’re trying to make things sound clearer. If the sound is cloudy, there’s usually a frequency band that’s too loud. It’s easier to decrease it than to raise everything else.
Boost if you’re trying to make things sound different. Sometimes you don’t want clarity as much as you want something to sound just different or with huge amount of effects. That’s the best time to boost EQ.
THERE’S NOTHING THERE
You can’t boost something that’s not there in the first place. You may be better off to decrease other frequencies than try to add a huge amount, like 10 or 15dB, to any frequency band.
Although there are exceptions to every one of the above guidelines, you’ll always stay out of sonic trouble if you consider the tips above. Happy Equalizing!